For lovers of antique furniture, it is so important to know how to identify antique furniture. The more you know about it, the better you can have the best antique furniture!
There are several ways to identify antique furniture.
First of all, it is possible to judge whether the furniture is antique furniture through the joint, because the machined furniture was only around 1860. If the home has a drawer, remove the drawer and carefully observe where the front and rear ends of the drawer are attached to the side of the drawer. If the dovetail of the butt joint is made by hand, it should have only a small amount of steamed bread and it is not completely flush; if the dovetail is densely packed and cut accurately, it should be machined. Furniture with hand-made wedge-shaped hoes was almost produced before 1860.
Look carefully at the bottom, side, and back of the drawer. If the wood has nicks or cuts, it may be cut with a planer, a planer, or a spatula. A neat saw can also indicate that the furniture is antique furniture. If the wood has round or curved saw marks, it may be sawed with a circular saw, which was only used around 1860.
Another feature of machined furniture is its precise symmetry. The crosspieces, slats, shafts, rockers and other small diameter components on handcrafted furniture are not identical. Check these parts carefully, as small differences in size or shape are often difficult to find. Real antique furniture is not cut very accurately; imitations with the same parts are cut very precisely because they are machined.
The age of the furniture can also be judged by the polishing material on the wood. Prior to the Victorian era, shellac was the only transparent surface finish for furniture; natural paints and varnishes did not appear until the mid-19th century. Furniture made before 1860 is usually made of shellac as a polishing material; if the furniture is very old, the polishing material on the furniture may be oil, wax or milk paint. Ancient furniture with fine workmanship usually uses French lacquer, which is a variant of shellac. Paint or varnish clearly marks the modern manufacturing process.
Inspecting the polishing material in the dealer’s showroom may not always work, but if you can do this, please identify the polishing material of the furniture before purchasing. Use industrial alcohol to test the polishing material in an inconspicuous place in the furniture. If the polishing material dissolves, it means it is a shellac. If the furniture is painted, use ammonia water for testing; very old furniture may be painted with latex paint and can only be removed with ammonia. If the surface of the furniture is dirty or waxed, it can be removed with a mixture of industrial alcohol, white vinegar and kerosene.
Finally, the wood itself can also be used to determine whether the furniture is antique furniture. Very early (before 1700) furniture was mostly made of oak, but after 1700, mahogany and walnut were widely used to make furniture. In the United States, pine is commonly used to make furniture because pine is more common and easier to process; higher-grade furniture may be made of maple, oak, walnut, cherry or mahogany. But people often prefer to use the same kind of wood to make furniture, so the texture of the production process and coating may be more suitable as a symbol to judge the age of furniture, and the wood itself is slightly inferior.
I hope that you can have the best antique furniture and give your home a different antique home decor knowledge !